Historically, the northern part of the region, with the exception of the regional capital, Ho, was part of the German colony, while the southern part was administered as part of the Gold Coast colony.
The Volta Region is one of Ghana’s sixteen regions. It is located on the country’s eastern border. The Volta River, which virtually isolates it from the rest of the country, gave the region its name. The region is unique in that it is the longest of the regions and contains indigenes from all of Ghana’s natural zones and ethnic groups. The region is considered a microcosm of the country because of its distinctiveness.
With the exception of the regional capital, Ho, the northern half of the region was historically controlled as part of the German colony, while the southern section was administered as part of the Gold Coast colony. Togoland, Germany’s colony, was partitioned after Germany’s loss in World War I. The British Togo protectorate was established over a portion of the country. Under the French protectorate, the other became French Togo, which is now the Republic of Togo.
The Governor of the Gold Coast was in charge of the British protectorate of Togoland, afterward known as Trans-Volta Togoland (TVT). Following Ghana’s independence in 1957, the Parliament passed a motion uniting the Trans-Volta Togoland and Ghana under the name Volta Region.
According to the 2010 population and housing census, the region’s population is 2,118,252, with 1,019,398 males and 1,098,854 females.